Paris Agreement through a disaster risk reduction lens

What do the Paris Agreement targets mean for disaster risk reduction? Our short report explores both the targets and priorities in the context of DRR.


If harmonisation is achieved, the Paris agreement and the Sendai framework reinforce each other in terms of their implementation. It will hardly lead to effective action if the amounts of money pledged are not increased!

Paris Agreement overview


  • Limit the global average temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C (mitigation) with the aims to reduce the risks as well as the possible negative consequences of climate change, increase the ability to climate change adaptation and direct financial flows to low-carbon and climate-resilient development. (Article 2)
  • Achieve a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases (GHG neutrality) in the second half of this century. (Article 4)
  • Time horizons • 2015–2030 for NDCs, 2025 for the mobilisation of 100 Bill. USD/year financial flows from private and public sources.
  • Agreement type • Pledge and review – bottom up.
  • Stakeholders • Ministries and government agencies, different sectoral experts, private sector actors, NGOs, local stakeholders and international partners.

Monitoring, assessment and reporting

Preparatory stage:

  • 2015: Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) submitted.
  • 2018: Facilitative Dialogue (Talanoa Dialogue).
  • 2020: Communication (for 2025 targets) and update (for 2030 targets) of the NDCs pledges.

Executive Stage (ratchet mechanism):

  • 2023: 1st Global Stocktake (on mitigation, adaptation and finance flows).
  • 2025: Submission of the third round of climate pledges.
  • 2028: 2nd Global Stocktake.

Monitoring instruments:

  • Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs, Art. 4.2).
  • National Adaptation Plans (NAPAs, Art. 7.9) / Adaptation Communication (NDCs, Art. 7.10 incl.): Each party submits and updates its priorities, implementation and support needs, national plans and actions on adaptation, without creating any additional burden for developing country Parties.